Common teal (Anas crecca)
Scientific name: Anas crecca
Distribution: Northern hemisphere
breeding stock CH: 0-2 pairs
Habitat: Lakes, slow-flowing waters
Migration behaviour: Short-distance migrant
Appearance and Identification
The teal is the smallest duck in Europe and stands out among other ducks. Only the garganey is almost as small as the teal. In addition to its small size, the teal shows many unique characteristics, which makes it easier to identify the duck.
The male in the breeding plumage has a unique head pattern. The feathers of the half-moon shape are almost black but shimmer greenish in the light. The dark feathers of the half-moon and the brown feathers on the head are separated by a thin white line. The beak is dark grey to black. The body is mostly finely patterned and appears at greater distances as a uniform grey. Above the sides the male has a white and a black horizontal band. The tail is white to cream coloured.